Dating while in therapy
At the individual level, rational choice theory stipulates that the agent chooses the action (or outcome) they most prefer.In the case where actions (or outcomes) can be evaluated in terms of costs and benefits, a rational individual chooses the action (or outcome) that provides the maximum net benefit, i.e., the maximum benefit minus cost.The premise of rational choice theory as a social science methodology is that the aggregate behavior in society reflects the sum of the choices made by individuals.Each individual, in turn, makes their choice based on their own preferences and the constraints (or choice set) they face.This work, often conducted by economic theorists and analytical philosophers, suggests ultimately that the assumptions or axioms above are not completely general and might at best be regarded as approximations.
Rationality is widely used as an assumption of the behavior of individuals in microeconomic models and analyses and appears in almost all economics textbook treatments of human decision-making.
The "alternatives" can be a set of actions ("what to do? In the case of actions, what the individual really cares about are the outcomes that results from each possible action.
Actions, in this case, are only an instrument for obtaining a particular outcome.
The available alternatives are often expressed as a set of objects, for example a set of j exhaustive and exclusive actions: Together these two assumptions imply that given a set of exhaustive and exclusive actions to choose from, an individual can rank the elements of this set in terms of his preferences in an internally consistent way (the ranking constitutes a partial ordering), and the set has at least one maximal element.
The preference between two alternatives can be: Research that took off in the 1980s sought to develop models which drop these assumptions and argue that such behaviour could still be rational, Anand (1993).